SAR HN: Sales Tax Overview (2023/08/28)
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I took the SAR course on sales tax (ISV) in Honduras. I’ll cover the insights and information I gathered as an introductory record of what I experienced in this activity.
Sales Tax Resources
I enrolled in a course that was available at the SAR learning platform and closed the past Sunday, August 27.
I’ll develop a quick overview of the course contents here, which can also be stated in other resources like the “Law of Sales Tax” in a complete (and formal) form.
This way, I can provide a good record overview of the sales tax mechanism in Honduras.
This is my resume for the course, and take into account that it’s informational only and may not be too accurate since it only covers generalities.
First, it’s stated that the sales tax is applied to the national territory. It’s non-accumulative and is applied at each import and selling stage according to the law and its regulations.
Now, regarding sales, cases are when you interchange or transfer one merchandise from your domain to another, whether you’re a natural person or a business.
Selling also includes taxable services according to the regulation.
Overall, when you sell a good or give a service, the tax base is the value worth of the good or service (either cash or credit) minus direct expenses.
One of the tax bases for imported goods is their CIF (Cost Insurance and Freight) value and other more specific rights and taxes.
For other tax bases like merchandise for personal use or gifts, it’s to be the commercial value of the good or service.
Cases exempt from the tax base are discounts or boxing if they’re returned.
The taxable event takes place when you sell goods, so you have a selling date of the billing or else at the moment when you provide the goods.
This event is also present when you give a service, when you use merchandise for your own use or as part of the business fixed assets, and when goods are imported.
A sworn declaration (affidavit of sales) has to be provided by the responsible for collecting this tax every month within its first ten days.
Furthermore, to apply the sales tax, the responsible has to give a billing (original copy) with the corresponding requirements to the consumer.
The responsible for the sales tax has to subscribe as such to the SAR (Rent Administration Service) by stating their operations beginning or providing their first declaration.
The sales tax base can generally be of 15% for basic products or 18% for non-fundamental ones. For alcoholic products, the 18% is applied.
This can be applied to the taxable base value of the imported goods or the selling of goods and services.
For beers and sodas, the tax is applied to the selling price at the distribution stage.
It’s also interesting that (for alcoholic beverages), the sales tax is applied (according to the law, and non-accumulative) to the import stage and each selling stage. For example, 18% is applied to each:
- Production or import,
- Retailer, and
- Final consumer.
For air transport, you pay 18% for most classes, and 15% for economic class, except disabled persons who pay 15%.
So overall, this is how the sales tax is originated and applied when sales take place.
There’s a big list of things exempt from paying sales taxes. They can be:
- Popular essential products (with exceptions):
- Coffee (up to 1 pound).
- Other aliment products.
- Pharmacist products for human use.
- Popular services and products (with exceptions):
- Equipment for electrical energy generation, and their spare parts.
- Books, scientific magazines, etc.
- Minor artisanal sectors.
- Electric energy for residential fee users
- Drinking water and sewerage.
- Professional fees obtained from natural persons.
- Construction services.
- Hospitalization services.
- Clinical laboratories for humans.
- Other medical services except aesthetic treatments.
- Ground transportation of passengers.
- Banking services.
- Agricultural raw material and tooling.
- Veterinarian pharmaceutics.
There are more advanced items and constraints, but those give you an idea of what is exempt from sales taxes.
Presenting a Declaration
Finally, if you’re responsible for the sale tax, you have to declare the corresponding data to the SAR platform via its virtual office and “DETlive” desktop (Windows) application.
You can get trained on how to use these systems by taking this course or following up on SAR social media to get resources to get more familiar with this process.
Source: Declaración Jurada Impuesto Sobre Ventas | DET Live  (under fair use)
You will have to fill several fields, and others will get autofilled, and once sent, you can’t change it. I’d advise you to have an accountant for this or have deep knowledge of this accounting domain if you have to do it.
If you’re learning about this, you’ll find the following terms I gathered useful:
- Sales Tax.
- CIF (Cost Insurance and Freight).
- Tax Base.
- Taxable Event.
- SAR (Rent Administration Service)
I already quickly defined/introduced them. As you can see, they have a meaning. For example, a “sale” takes place when you emit a billing of the product you’re selling, and so on.
To leave it clear, SAR is the organization in Honduras responsible for tax matters. Then, you can go on with these terms from here on.
Time of the Quiz
To complete the course, I answered an online quiz with 20 timed questions, just like the university (UNAH) tests are.
My Sales Tax Diploma
This way I finished this learning activity.
Generalities Learned about Sales Tax in Honduras
I took the SAR course about the sales tax (ISV) in Honduras and shared the overall information and resources that I found insightful so we can keep getting informed on these entrepreneurial affairs.
 Curso: Impuesto Sobre Ventas. (2023). Escuela Virtual Tributaria. Retrieved August 28, 2023, from Impuesto Sobre Ventas | Escuela Virtual Tributaria | SAR | gob.hn.
 Ley del Impuesto Sobre Ventas Texto Consolidado. (2016, June 10). SEFIN. Retrieved August 28, 2023, from Ley del Impuesto Sobre Ventas Texto Consolidado | SEFIN | gob.hn.
 Declaración Jurada Impuesto Sobre Ventas | DET Live. (n.d.). DETlive | SAR | gob.hn.